“Complex shapes” The wishbone of a Porsche Panamera is all about finding the optimal relation between comfort and performance, which expresses itself as a complex 3D aluminium cast part with large bearings.
I think everybody can guess what happens if one of the pumps in your car stops functioning.
Complex shapes, materials and coatings… you name it and we will probably have had a similar application in the (recent) past.
Every customer that buys a new or used car assumes that engine components are the ones that have to last the longest.
High performance cars need high performance components and high performance components are assembled on high end machines.
The trend in sustainable mobility, that is driven by political targets and customer desires, will change the requirements for engine developers extensively in the years to come.